Query: NC_005125:3420270 Gloeobacter violaceus PCC 7421, complete genome Lineage: Gloeobacter violaceus; Gloeobacter; ; Gloeobacterales; Cyanobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was isolated from a calcereous (chalky) rock in Switzerland. Photosynthetic bacterium. This organism is an obligate photoautotroph that lacks thylakoid membranes and probably has its photosynthetic machinery in the cytoplasmic membrane with various components exposed to the periplasm whereas in other cyanobacteria the components are situated in the thylakoid membrane and are exposed to the cytoplasm. This unusual arrangement may be due to the lack of various fatty acids that are found in the thylakoid membrane in other cyanobacteria. It has been predicted that this organism was one of the earliest to diverge from the cyanobacterial line.
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General Information: Causes gastrointestinal disease. This organism is closely related to C. jejuni and C. coli and is a foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and diarrhea. In addition this organism can cause bacteremia and septicemia in immunocompromised individuals. The bacterium is found in a variety of habitats including water environments, and seagulls are considered a reservoir for the organism. Shellfish can harbor the organism when inhabiting water contaminated by seagulls carrying the organism.