Query: NC_005125:3420270 Gloeobacter violaceus PCC 7421, complete genome Lineage: Gloeobacter violaceus; Gloeobacter; ; Gloeobacterales; Cyanobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was isolated from a calcereous (chalky) rock in Switzerland. Photosynthetic bacterium. This organism is an obligate photoautotroph that lacks thylakoid membranes and probably has its photosynthetic machinery in the cytoplasmic membrane with various components exposed to the periplasm whereas in other cyanobacteria the components are situated in the thylakoid membrane and are exposed to the cytoplasm. This unusual arrangement may be due to the lack of various fatty acids that are found in the thylakoid membrane in other cyanobacteria. It has been predicted that this organism was one of the earliest to diverge from the cyanobacterial line.
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General Information: Acaryochloris marina MBIC11017 was isolated from algae from the coast of the Palau Islands in the western Pacific. Marine cyanobacterium. Acaryochloris marina was first isolated as an epiphyte of algae. M. marina been isolated from a variety of habitats and locations, usually associated with algae but also as free-living organisms. This cyanobacterium produces an atypical photosynthetic pigment, chlorophyll d, as the major reactive agent. The oxygenic photosynthesis based on this pigment may have evolved as an acclimatization to far-red light environments, or an as intermediate between the red-absorbing oxygenic and the far-red-absorbing anoxygenic photosynthesis that uses bacteriochlorophylls. Because of the unusual ratio of chlorophyll a to chlorophyll d in this organism, it has been used as a model to study the spectrographic characteristics of the two pigments.