Query: NC_005085:2774370 Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472, complete genome Lineage: Chromobacterium violaceum; Chromobacterium; Chromobacteriaceae; Neisseriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472 was isolated from freshwater in Malaya. Common tropical soil bacterium. This facultative organism is an abundant environmental bacterium that lives in tropical and subtropical regions in the soil and water. It has exploitable properties including the ability to produce a bactericidal purple pigment, violacein, as well as the ability to produce a bioplastic and to biologically solubilize gold from the environment. It is occasionally pathogenic in immunocompromised individuals or children where it may cause diarrhea, but sometimes causes septicemia and is at times fatal.
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General Information: Isolated from acidic mine drainage in Yanahara mine, Okayama, Japan. Acidophilic bacterium. This genus comprises a number of species commonly found in water reservoirs, microbial mats, many different soil types, marine and freshwater sediments, as well as in hot-spring mats and sediments, etc. Furthermore, they sometimes form the dominant group in a habitat. These bacteria are involved in the first step of destruction of biologically complex molecules produced by autotrophic (capable of synthesizing their own nutrients) microorganisms. Acidobacterium capsulatum is an aerobic, mesophilic, chemo-organotroph able to use a variety of carbon sources and to grow up to pH 6.0. The species comprises several strains characterized by orange pigmentation, production of menoquinones as their sole quinones, and branched-chain iso fatty acids as their cell envelope components.