Query: NC_004463:2059500 Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110, complete genome Lineage: Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens; Bradyrhizobium; Bradyrhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from Glycine hispida in 1959 in Florida, USA, and has been widely studied because of its superior symbiotic nitrogen fixation with soybeans as compared to other strains. This strain contains a 681 Kb symbiosis island that contains genes for nitrogen fixation and root nodule formation. The chromosome also contains genes resembling those of type III and IV secretion systems.
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General Information: Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus strain PAL5 (ATCC 49037) was isolated from sugarcane roots in Brazil and will be used for comparative analysis. Nitrogen-fixing plant symbiont. This acid-tolerant organism is endophytic and colonizes internal plant tissues, establishing a symbiotic relationship with its host. This bacterium has been found in sugarcane, coffee, rice, tea, and other plants. The nitrogen-fixation systems of the bacterium provide the plant with essential nitrogenous compounds while the plant provides a protected environment for the bacterium to grow in. Nitrogen-fixation is important for sugarcane production, and this organism can fix nitrogen even in the presence of nitrate.