Query: NC_004463:1369165 Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110, complete genome Lineage: Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens; Bradyrhizobium; Bradyrhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from Glycine hispida in 1959 in Florida, USA, and has been widely studied because of its superior symbiotic nitrogen fixation with soybeans as compared to other strains. This strain contains a 681 Kb symbiosis island that contains genes for nitrogen fixation and root nodule formation. The chromosome also contains genes resembling those of type III and IV secretion systems.
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General Information: This organism was isolated from a mixed-culture enriched from sewage using the chelating agent EDTA (binds divalent cations - ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid) as the sole carbon and nitrogen source. EDTA is often found at toxic waste sites where it is bound to metals and radionuclides, which affects bioremediation efforts. This bacterium is capable of EDTA degradation by itself.