Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTP

Query: NC_003997:5006193 Bacillus anthracis str. Ames, complete genome

Lineage: Bacillus anthracis; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This well studied laboratory strain (Porton isolate) is not virulent due to the loss of the two plasmids, pXO1 and pXO2. Under starvation conditions this group of bacteria initiate a pathway that leads to endospore formation, a process that is thoroughly studied and is a model system for prokaryotic development and differentiation. Spores are highly resistant to heat, cold, dessication, radiation, and disinfectants, and enable the organism to persist in otherwise inhospitable environments. Under more inviting conditions the spores germinate to produce vegetative cells. This organism was the first to be shown to cause disease by Dr. Louis Pasteur (the organism, isolated from sick animals, was grown in the laboratory and then used to infect healthy animals and make them sick). This organism was also the first for which an attenuated strain was developed as a vaccine. Herbivorous animals become infected with the organism when they ingest spores from the soil whereas humans become infected when they come into contact with a contaminated animal. PA/LF and PA/EF complexes are internalized by host cells where the LF (metalloprotease) and EF (calmodulin-dependent adenylate cyclase) components act. At high levels LF induces cell death and release of the bacterium while EF increases host susceptibility to infection and promotes fluid accumulation in the cells.

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BLASTP Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_013791:1323903 Bacillus pseudofirmus OF4 chromosome, complete genome

Lineage: Bacillus pseudofirmus; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain was isolated from soil in New York State by alkaline enrichment cultures. Because of its pH range and genetic accessibility, this alkaliphile has been extensively used as the model organism for studies of the bioenergetics of life at extremely high pH. This organism is a facultative, extreme alkaliphile that grows non-fermentatively as well as fermentatively in a pH range from near neutral to above pH 11.2.