Query: NC_003923:2561953 Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus MW2, complete genome Lineage: Staphylococcus aureus; Staphylococcus; Staphylococcaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This strain is a community-acquired methicillin-resistant (MSRA) strain and is one of the major pathogens causing community-acquired infections in the Midwestern USA. Several fatal infections were attributed to this strain in the late 1990's. Causes skin infections. Staphylcocci are generally found inhabiting the skin and mucous membranes of mammals and birds. Some members of this genus can be found as human commensals and these are generally believed to have the greatest pathogenic potential in opportunistic infections. This organism is a major cause of nosocomial (hospital-acquired) and community-acquired infections. S. aureus continues to be a major cause of mortality and is responsible for a variety of infections including, boils, furuncles, styes, impetigo and other superficial skin infections in humans. Also known to cause more serious infections particularly in the chronically ill or immunocompromised. The ability to cause invasive disease is associated with persistance in the nasal cavity of a host.
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General Information: Staphylococcus haemolyticus JCSC1435 was isolated from a Japanese inpatient at Juntendo Hospital, Tokyo, in 2000. This strain is a highly resistant strain which has been shown to generate spontaneous antibiotic sensitive mutants. Causes opportunistic infections in humans. Staphylcocci are generally found inhabiting the skin and mucous membranes of mammals and birds. Some members of this genus can be found as human commensals and these are generally believed to have the greatest pathogenic potential in opportunistic infections. Staphylococcus haemolyticus was originally isolated from human skin and traditionally considered to be a nonpathogenic commensal. Recently this organism has been recognized as a pathogen in animals and humans. It is known to be involved in opportunistic infections associated with the implantation of foreign bodies, paticularly in those with compromised immune systems. Resistance to multiple antibiotics has been observed in clinical isolates and it is possible S. haemolyticus could serve a donor or resistance genes to other more virulent staphlococci.