Query: NC_003551:812939 Methanopyrus kandleri AV19, complete genome Lineage: Methanopyrus kandleri; Methanopyrus; Methanopyraceae; Methanopyrales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Thermophilic methanogenic archaeon. This organism has been found at Guaymas hot vents at a depth of 2000, at a depth of 1006 m on the Kolbeinsey Ridge north of Iceland and on hydrothermically heated black smoker walls at a depth of 3650 m at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. This methanogen grows chemolithoautotrophically at 80-110ºC in a hydrogen-carbon dioxide atmosphere.
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General Information: First isolated from soil in 1941. Bacterium with a multi-stage lifecycle. M.xanthus is a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium. This organism undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. This organism is also utilized industrially to produce the anticancer drug epithilone.