Query: NC_003296:1461538 Ralstonia solanacearum GMI1000 plasmid pGMI1000MP, complete Lineage: Ralstonia solanacearum; Ralstonia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain is a race 1 strain isolated from the tomato plant and is also pathogenic on Arabidopsis thaliana. It specifically invades the plant xylem. Plant pathogen. This organism is a phytopathogen that is found in the soil and causes systemic wilting disease in many important food crops such as tomatoes, potatoes, bananas, tobacco, pepper, peanut, ginger, and eucalyptus. It can infect plants found in over 50 different families and this pathogen can be carried asymptomatically in some species.
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General Information: This organism was discovered in 1819 by Bizio who named the organism after the Italian physicist Serrati. It was considered a nonpathogenic organism until late in the 20th century, although pathogenicity was noted as early as 1913. Serratia marcescens is an opportunistic human pathogen that is increasingly associated with life-threatening hospital-acquired infections. It is an environmental organism that has a broad host range, and is capable of infecting vertebrates and invertebrates, as well as plants. In humans, Serratia marcescens can cause meningitis (inflammation of the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord), endocarditis (inflammation of heart muscle) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys). Many strains are resistant to multiple antibiotics. Environmental isolates are noted by production of the red pigment prodigiosin.