Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTP

Query: NC_003155:5987000 Streptomyces avermitilis MA-4680, complete genome

Lineage: Streptomyces avermitilis; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This strain (ATCC 31267) was isolated and characterized in 1978 by R. Burg and colleagues from a soil sample collected in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Antibiotic-producing bacterium. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin. Streptomycetes produce both substrate and aerial mycelium. The latter shows characteristic modes of branching, and in the course of the streptomycete complex life cycle, these hyphae are partly transformed into chains of spores, which are often called conidia or arthrospores. An important feature in Streptomyces is the presence of type-I peptidoglycan in the cell walls that contains characteristic interpeptide glycine bridges. Another remarkable trait of streptomycetes is that they contain very large (~8 million base pairs which is about twice the size of most bacterial genomes) linear chromosomes with distinct telomeres. These rearrangements consist of the deletion of several hundred kilobases, often associated with the amplification of an adjacent sequence, and lead to metabolic diversity within the Streptomyces group. Sequencing of several strains of Streptomyces is aimed partly on understanding the mechanisms involved in these diversification processes. This organism is a well known producer of the anti-parasitic agent avermectin which is widely used to rid livestock of worm and insect infestations and to protect large numbers of people from river blindness in sub-Saharan Africa.

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BLASTP Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_012490:2067246 Rhodococcus erythropolis PR4, complete genome

Lineage: Rhodococcus erythropolis; Rhodococcus; Nocardiaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Rhodococcus erythropolis PR4 (NBRC 100887) was isolated from Pacific Ocean seawater. It has the enzymes necessary for the degradation of different alkanes, such as pristane. PR4 shows tolerance to hydrocarbons and it is capable of producing several compounds with medical, industrial, and nutritional applications such as beta-carotenes (i.e. astaxanthin) and fatty acid-containing extracellular polysaccharides (i.e. mucoidan). Rhodococcus species are soil bacteria with remarkable metabolic versatility leading to several possible applications in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries and for industrial bioremediation. This species has shown potential in producing different valuable compounds. As examples, some Rhodococcus erythropolis strains posses a nitrile hydratase, an enzyme used for the industrial production of acrylamide and nicotinamide, while other strains are capable of transforming indene to 1,2-indandiol, a key precursor of the AIDS drug Crixivan.