Query: NC_003047:3419212 Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021, complete genome Lineage: Sinorhizobium meliloti; Sinorhizobium; Rhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Streptomycin resistant derivative of strain 2011. Plant symbiotic bacterium. This organism, much like other Rhizobia, forms a symbiotic relationship with a leguminous plant, in this case the alfalfa plant (Medicago sativa). Expression of nodulation genes results in production of a nodulation signal which the plant cell recognizes inducing root nodule formation. The plant cell provides carbon compounds for the bacterium to grow on.
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General Information: This organism is a nitrogen-fixing obligate endophyte first isolated from the roots of Kaller grass in the Punjab region of Pakistan. These organisms are never found in root-free soil and colonize root tissues without causing disease. This strain has been shown to express genes involved in nitrogen fixation in root tissue and is thought to provide significant amounts of nitrogen to its host plant.