Query: NC_002978:200878 Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster, complete genome Lineage: Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster; Wolbachia; Anaplasmataceae; Rickettsiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster. Fruitfly endosymbiont. This group of bacteria are associated with a variety of invertebrate species, some as pathogens, some in a symbiotic or other type of relationship. Typically these organisms are transmitted maternally from mother to daughter transovarially (through the egg) although these bacteria can affect their hosts reproductive capabilities in order to enhance transmission. The net outcome is the increase of hosts carrying the bacteria in the next generation, thereby increasing transmission. Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster is an obligate intracellular endosymbiont of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster.
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General Information: Isolation: Patient with rat-bite fever in France; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C; Habitat: Host. Streptobacillus moniliformis causes rat bite fever, a systemic illness characterized by fever, chills, and joint pain which can progress to endocarditis, meningitis or pneumonia if left untreated. Although infection is usually associated with a rodent bite, this disease can be caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Streptobacillus moniliformis is the causative agent of rat bite fever in North and South America while a different organism, Spirillum minus, is primarily responsible for this disease in Asia and other countries.