Query: NC_002944:4254011 Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis K-10, complete genome

Lineage: Mycobacterium avium; Mycobacterium; Mycobacteriaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This strain was isolated from a diary herd in Wisconsin, USA in the 1970's. Environmental organism which causes infections in birds and humans. This genus comprises a number of Gram-positive, acid-fast, rod-shaped aerobic bacteria and is the only member of the family Mycobacteriaceae within the order Actinomycetales. Like other closely related Actinomycetales, such as Nocardia and Corynebacterium, Mycobacteria have unusually high genomic DNA GC content and are capable of producing mycolic acids as major components of their cell wall. Mycobacterium avium is ubiquitous in the environment, and can be found in stagnant waters and soils. This organism causes tuberculosis in birds and disseminated infections in immunocompromized humans (the elderly, children, and especially patients with AIDS). Infection results in a characteristic pulmonary disease which requires expensive drug therapy for successful treatment. Most prevalent colony morphotypes are smooth opaque, smooth transparent and rough, with the last two being the faster growers in vivo.

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Subject: NC_010407:3174470 Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus chromosome, complete

Lineage: Clavibacter michiganensis; Clavibacter; Microbacteriaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Causative agent of bacterial ring rot. Isolated from infected potato. This organism was first described and classified in 1914 as "Bacterium sepedonicus" and is considered a major plant pathogen. It is a phytopathogenic actinomycete that causes wilt and tuber rot in potato, which is a plant vascular disease with very high bacterial titers. Pathogenicity is believed to be associated with the presence of two plasmids, pCSL1 and pCSL2. This species is subdivided into five subspecies: michiganensis, sepedonicus, nebraskensis, tesselarius and insidiosus each of which infects specific hosts: tomato, potato, corn, wheat and alfalfa, respectively. Members of the Clavibacter genus are known to produce antimicrobial compounds.