Query: NC_002927:1787633 Bordetella bronchiseptica RB50, complete genome Lineage: Bordetella bronchiseptica; Bordetella; Alcaligenaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from a rabbit. Causes a respiratory illness in animals. This group of organisms is capable of invading the respiratory tract of animals and causing severe diseases. They express a number of virulence factors in order to do this including filamentous hemagglutinins for attachment, cytotoxins, and proteins that form a type III secretion system for transport of effector molecules into host cells. Bordetella bronchiseptica, which is one of the few Bordetella that is capable of persisting in the environment, is rarely found in humans and is often associated with animals. This organism cause respiratory disease most commonly in pigs, rabbits and dogs.
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General Information: Isolated from the blood of a 53 year old male patient with severe melioidosis encephalomyelitis in Darwin, Australia in 1995. This species is an opportunistic pathogen and can cause pneumonia, bacteremia, and melioidosis. It is normally found in terrestrial environments and has been recovered from rice paddies and moist tropical soil. It is endemic in Asia and Australia, but can be found in other parts of the world. The organism can exist intracellularly and can spread through the bloodstream (bacteremia).