Query: NC_002491:1147169 Chlamydophila pneumoniae J138, complete genome Lineage: Chlamydia pneumoniae; Chlamydia; Chlamydiaceae; Chlamydiales; Chlamydiae; Bacteria General Information: Isolated in Japan in 1994 from the pharyngeal mucosa of a 5 year old male patient with acute bronchitis. Bacteria belonging to the Chlamydiales group are obligate intracellular parasites of eukaryotic cells. They are found within vertebrates, invertebrate cells, and amoebae hosts. Chlamydiae are one of the commonest causes of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and if left untreated may cause infertility in women. They are transmitted by direct contact or aerosols, and can cause various diseases, while also being able to coexist with the host in an apparently asymptomatic state.
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General Information: Phytoplasmas inhabit phloem (food-conducting vascular tissue) sieve elements of plants where they cause a variety of diseases. Transmission between plants is via insects that feed on the phloem. Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense was identified in diseased Chardonnay grapevines from South Australia. Symptoms include a yellowing of the leaves and reduced leaf size, which leads to reduced plant size and lower yields.