Query: NC_000913:2373984 Escherichia coli K12, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449 was isolated from a brown trout with furunculosis. The agent of furunculosis, a major cause of mortality among salmonid fishes. This bacterium is the causal agent of furunculosis. Although it was discovered nearly 100 years ago, it is not known how the diesase is spread. Furunculosis is temperature sensistive, with acute cases occurring when the water is above 20 degrees C and chronic cases developing at temperatures below 13 degrees C. The acute form of the disease causes the fish to turn a dark color and stop eating.