Query: NC_000854:191705 Aeropyrum pernix K1, complete genome Lineage: Aeropyrum pernix; Aeropyrum; Desulfurococcaceae; Desulfurococcales; Crenarchaeota; Archaea General Information: This organism, which was the first strictly aerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon sequenced, was isolated from a coastal solfataric (volcanic hydrothermal area that gives off sulfuric gases) thermal vent at Kodakara-Jima Island, Japan in 1993. Aeropyrum pernix is an aerobic hyperthermophile. This organism grows between 70 and 100 degrees C , with optimal growth at 90-95 degrees C, pH 5-9 with a optimum of pH 7.0, and a salinity of 3.5%. This organism is highly motile and cells are often surrounded by pili-like appendages. Doubling time is 200 minutes in optimal growth conditions. It does not require sulfur-containing compounds for growth, and thus does not form hydrogen sulfide during growth.
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General Information: This organism was originally identified as Pyrococcus sp. strain KOD1. It was isolated from a solfatara on Kodakara Island, Japan. Hyperthermophilic archeon. This genus is a member of the order Thermococcales in the Euryarchaeota. Thermococcus sp. are the most commonly isolated hyperthermophilic organisms and are often isolated from marine hydrothermal vents and terrestrial hot sulfur springs. Elemental sulfur is either required for, or stimulates, growth. These obligate heterotrophs can ferment a variety of organic compounds, including peptides, amino acids, and sugars in the absence of sulfur. Thermococcus kodakaraensis is a hyperthermophilic archeon. Proteins from this organism have been extensively studied to find thermostable enzymes for industrial and biotechnological applications.