Query: CU928160:2785792 Escherichia coli IAI1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: Isolation: Water sample from a hot spring runoffs; Country: Portugal; Temp: Thermophile; Temp: 50C; Habitat: Fresh water, Hot spring. Truepera radiovictrix is a radiation-resistant species was isolated from hot spring runoff on the Island of Sao Miguel in the Azores. The hot springs in this area discharge neutral to slightly alkaline water that may reach the boiling point. These strains form orange/red colonies, spherical-shaped cells, have an optimum growth temperature of about 50 degrees C, an optimum pH for growth between about 7.5 and 9.5, and do not grow at pH below 6.5 or above pH 11.2.