Query: CP002516:1196000 Escherichia coli KO11, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: This bacterium can grow using carbon monoxide as the sole carbon and energy source and the cells contain a well characterized nitrogenase system that is post-translationally modified by ADP-ribosylation. Phototrophic bacterium. This organism is an anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium that does not produce oxygen, but instead produces extracellular elemental sulfur when harvesting light energy. The bacterium lacks the light harvesting complex 2 (LHC2) normally found in photosynthetic bacteria meaning it contains one of the simplest photosynthetic systems studied.