Query: NC_019962:2189432 Natrinema pellirubrum DSM 15624, complete genome Lineage: Natrinema pellirubrum; Natrinema; Halobacteriaceae; Halobacteriales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Country: Italy; Isolation: Red heat in salted hides (spoiled fish); Temp: Mesophile. Natrinema pellirubrum, formerly Halobacterium salinarium is a halophilic archaea requiring at least 1.7 M NaCl for growth and able to grow at salt concentrations of up to 4.3 M.
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General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.