Query: NC_018704:81733 Amphibacillus xylanus NBRC 15112, complete genome Lineage: Amphibacillus xylanus; Amphibacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Amphibacillus xylanus is an alkaliphilic microorganism that grows at pH 8 - 10. This organism is also able to digest xylan aerobically and anaerobically. Facultative anaerobic, spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from alcaline compost of manure with grass and rice straw.
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General Information: Use in fermentation of food products. A distinctive characteristic of pediococci is their ability to form tetrads via cell division in two perpendicular directions in a single plane. Like other lactic acid bacteria, species of Pediococcus are acid tolerant, cannot synthesize porphyrins, and possess a strictly fermentative (homofermentative) facultatively anaerobic metabolism with lactic acid as the major metabolic end product. They also occur in such food products as cured meat, raw sausages, and marinated fish, and are are used for biotechnological processing and preservation of foods. This bacterium can be isolated from a variety of plant materials and bacterial-ripened cheeses. This organism is used as an acid producing starter culture in the fermentation of some sausages, cucumbers, green beans, soy milk, and silage. Some strains have been reported to contain several (3-5) resident plasmids that render the bacterium capable of fermenting some sugars (raffinose, melibiose, and sucrose), as well as producing bacteriocins.