Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_017203:179468 Bacillus thuringiensis serovar chinensis CT-43 plasmid pCT281,

Lineage: Bacillus thuringiensis; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This organism, also known as BT, is famous for the production of an insecticidal toxin. The bacterium was initially discovered as a pathogen of various insects and was first used as an insecticidal agent in the early part of this century. This organism, like many other Bacilli, is found in the soil, where it leads a saprophytic existence, but becomes an opportunistic pathogen of insects when ingested. The specific activity of the toxin towards insects and its lack of toxicity to animals has made this organism a useful biocontrol agent. The delta-endotoxin, which is produced during the sporulation part of the life cycle, causes midgut paralysis and disruption of feeding by the infected insect host. The delta-endotoxin, which is produced during the sporulation part of the life cycle, causes midgut paralysis and disruption of feeding by the infected insect host. The delta-endotoxin, which is produced during the sporulation part of the life cycle, causes midgut paralysis and disruption of feeding by the infected insect host. The presence of a parasporal crystal, which is outside the exosporium of the endospore, is indicative of production of the toxin, and serves as a marker for this species.Activation of the toxin typically requires a high pH environment such as the alkaline environments in insect midguts followed by proteolysis.

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BLASTN Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_010381:92000 Lysinibacillus sphaericus C3-41 plasmid pBsph, complete sequence

Lineage: Lysinibacillus sphaericus; Lysinibacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: Lysinibacillus sphaericus C3-41 was isolated from a mosquito breeding site in China. This organism is highly toxic to Culex species of mosquito. Lysinibacillus sphaericus, formerly Bacillus sphaericus, is a common environmental organism which produces an insecticidal toxin similar to that produced by Bacillus thuringiensis. Lysinibacillus sphaericus produces two proteins during sporulation which accumulate in parasporal crystalline inclusions. These proteins bind in the gastric cavitiy and midgut of the larvae causing disruption of feeding by the infected host and death.