Query: NC_017098:652681 Spirochaeta africana DSM 8902 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Spirochaeta africana; Spirochaeta; Spirochaetaceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Alkaline salt lakes, Fresh water; Isolation: Bacterial bloom in the brine; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 35C; Country:Kenya: Lake Magadi. Spirochaeta africana is an alkaliphilic spriochete found in alkaline environments such as soda lakes.
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General Information: Causative agent of bacterial ring rot. Isolated from infected potato. This organism was first described and classified in 1914 as "Bacterium sepedonicus" and is considered a major plant pathogen. It is a phytopathogenic actinomycete that causes wilt and tuber rot in potato, which is a plant vascular disease with very high bacterial titers. Pathogenicity is believed to be associated with the presence of two plasmids, pCSL1 and pCSL2. This species is subdivided into five subspecies: michiganensis, sepedonicus, nebraskensis, tesselarius and insidiosus each of which infects specific hosts: tomato, potato, corn, wheat and alfalfa, respectively. Members of the Clavibacter genus are known to produce antimicrobial compounds.