Query: NC_017075:2689014 Rubrivivax gelatinosus IL144, complete genome Lineage: Rubrivivax gelatinosus; Rubrivivax; ; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Rubrivivax gelatinosus is the purple bacterium belonging to beta-proteobacteria, isolated from Japanese pond. Nitrogen fixation. Purple nonsulfur bacterium. Facultative photoheterotrophic betaproteobacterium. Aerobic growth and fermentative growth are also possible. Utilizes a diverse array of different carbon sources, including hydrolyzed starch and gelatin. Capable of fixing carbon and nitrogen. Isolated from food wastewater in Nagano, Japan.
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General Information: This subspecies (IIIa) is usually found associated with reptiles, although contact with infected animals can result in the spread of the organism to humans or animals such as turkeys. This strain was originally isolated from a cornsnake in 1986 in Oregon, USA. Causes enteric infections. This group of Enterobactericiae have pathogenic characteristics and are one of the most common causes of enteric infections (food poisoning) worldwide. They were named after the scientist Dr. Daniel Salmon who isolated the first organism, Salmonella choleraesuis, from the intestine of a pig. The presence of several pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that encode various virulence factors allows Salmonella spp. to colonize and infect host organisms. There are two important PAIs, Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 and 2 (SPI-1 and SPI-2) that encode two different type III secretion systems for the delivery of effector molecules into the host cell that result in internalization of the bacteria which then leads to systemic spread.