Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_016930:943000 Rickettsia philipii str. 364D chromosome, complete genome

Lineage: Rickettsia philipii; Rickettsia; Rickettsiaceae; Rickettsiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Rickettsiae are obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacteria mostly found in arthropods, some of which cause mild to severe diseases in humans. Spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR) cause disease in humans. R .philippi strain 364D, an SFGR, was isolated in 1966 from Dermacentor occidentalis ticks collected in Ventura county, California, and since then 364D has been detected in up to 11% of D. occidentalis from 8 California counties. It has now been recognized as causing eschar-associated illness.

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Subject: NC_010161:1598000 Bartonella tribocorum CIP 105476, complete genome

Lineage: Bartonella tribocorum; Bartonella; Bartonellaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This organism was isolated from the blood of wild rats and from fleas obtained from wild rats. Transmission of these organisms is often through an insect vector. Once in a host, this intracellular pathogen is internalized by an actin-dependent mechanism, and primarily targets endothelial cells, although other cells can be infected. The proliferation of the vascular endothelium (bacillary angiomatosis) is characterisitic of Bartonella infection and results in multiplication of the bacterium's host cells. Infected macrophages are stimulated to release vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin 1 beta, both of which promote angiogenesis. Endothelial cells are also stimulated to grow and divide by direct contact with bacterial cells. In addition, programmed cell death (apoptosis) of endothelial cells is inhibited, combatting a common mechanism eukaryotic cells use to deal with bacterial infection. Other pathogenicity factors include pili and outer membrane adhesins for attachment to host cells. This organism is genetically related to Bartonella elizabethae which was isolated from a case of endocarditis in a human.