Query: NC_016902:3863932 Escherichia coli KO11FL chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Human intestinal microflora, Host; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C. This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from a sample of coastal sea water near a French Antarctic station. This organism is adapted to growth at low temperatures and reactive oxygen species by a number of putative dioxygenases and fatty acid desaturases amongst other proteins. The organism can grow optimally in salt concentrations of 1.5 to 3.5% NaCl.The genome consists of 2 chromosomes, one of which may replicate unidirectionally. Some interesting features of this genome include the lack of the nucleoid-associated gene hns, a lack of genes involved in molybdopterin metabolism, a lack of the cAMP-CAP complex, and a lack of the PEP-dependent PTS system.