Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_016822:3065426 Shigella sonnei 53G, complete genome

Lineage: Shigella sonnei; Shigella; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This genus is named for the Japanese scientist (Shiga) who first discovered these organisms in the 1890s. They are closely related to the Escherichia group, and may be considered the same species. These organisms are human-specific pathogens that are transmitted via contaminated food and water and are the leading causes of endemic bacillary dysentery, causing over 160 million cases of infection and 1 million deaths yearly worldwide. The bacteria infect the epithelial lining of the colon, causing acute inflammation by entering the host cell cytoplasm and spreading intercellularly. are extremely virulent organisms that can cause an active infection after a very low exposure. Both the type III secretion system, which delivers effector molecules into the host cell, and some of the translocated effectors such as the invasion plasmid antigens (Ipas), are encoded on the plasmid. The bacterium produces a surface protein that localizes to one pole of the cell (IcsA) which binds to and promotes actin polymerization, resulting in movement of the bacterium through the cell cytoplasm, and eventually to neighboring cells, which results in inflammatory destruction of the mucosal lining. This organism is the leading cause of dysentery in industrialized countries. The disease is usually less severe than other types of Shigella, causing mild diarrhea and dehydration.

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BLASTN Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_010086:1907959 Burkholderia multivorans ATCC 17616 chromosome 2, complete

Lineage: Burkholderia multivorans; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This species is associated with infections in cystic fibrosis patients. It is an important opportunistic pathogen, colonizing the lungs and associated with a decrease in long-term survival. A minority of patients with this infection may also develop "cepacia syndrome", which leads to an acute clinical decline which is frequently fatal. This species is a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex, although it does not appear to spread from patient to patient as do the other members of the group.