Query: NC_016616:2997348 Dechlorosoma suillum PS chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Azospira oryzae; Azospira; Rhodocyclaceae; Rhodocyclales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: USA; Environment: Host, Soil; Isolation: sediment, swine waste primary lagoon; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C. Azospira oryzae (also called Dechlorosoma suillum) is a diazotrophic endophyte associated with roots of gramineae such as Kallar grass or several species of rice.
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General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.