Query: NC_016616:2997348 Dechlorosoma suillum PS chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Azospira oryzae; Azospira; Rhodocyclaceae; Rhodocyclales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: USA; Environment: Host, Soil; Isolation: sediment, swine waste primary lagoon; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C. Azospira oryzae (also called Dechlorosoma suillum) is a diazotrophic endophyte associated with roots of gramineae such as Kallar grass or several species of rice.
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General Information: This strain can suppress the diseases caused by Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium ultimum which affect cotton plants. The production of a number of antibiotics (pyrrolnitrin, pyoluteorin, and 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol) as well as the production of siderophores (which may affect the ability of competing organisms to obtain environmental iron) by this strain can inhibit phytopathogen growth such as the above-mentioned fungi. The genome of this organism contains a number of genes, estimated at 5.7 % of the chromosome, that encode proteins that are involved in secondary metabolism. A large number of repeat elements (REP) are also found in the genome in greater numbers than in related Pseudomonas spp.