Query: NC_016510:4343 Flavobacterium columnare ATCC 49512 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Flavobacterium columnare; Flavobacterium; Flavobacteriaceae; Flavobacteriales; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: Isolated in 1987 from a skin lesion of a brown trout fry in France. Fish pathogen. Purified genomic DNA obtained from ATCC 49512 F. columnare is considered ubiquitous in the warmwater aquatic environment, and it is the causative agent of columnaris disease in fish. Columnaris disease is common throughout the world and infects most species of freshwater fish, including aquaculture species, wild fish populations, and ornamental fish.
- Sequence; - BLASTN hit (Low score = Light, High score = Dark) - hypothetical protein; - cds: hover for description
General Information: It is believed that the Buchnera provide the essential nutrients the host lacks. Besides a nutritional co-dependence, due to a co-existence of millions of years, Buchnera have lost the ability to produce cell surface components such as lipopolysaccharides. This makes for an obligate endosymbiont relationship between host and Buchnera. Buchnera are prokaryotic cells which belong to the gamma-Proteobacteria, closely related to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Phylogenetic studies using 16S rRNA indicate that the symbiotic relationship was established around 200-250 million years ago. Since Buchnera are closely related to Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae, comparative genomic studies can shed light on the evolutionary mechanisms of intracellular endosymbiosis as well as the different underlying molecular basis between organisms with parasitic behavior and symbionts.