Query: NC_016023:1725294 Bacillus coagulans 36D1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Bacillus coagulans; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Bacillus coagulans, a lactic acid producing bacterium, was first identified as a spoilage agent of milk products. This organism can be used in the production of ethanol and lactic acid from cellulose and hemicellulose acid hydrolysate. Bacillus coagulans also produces other commercially important chemicals like cyclodextrins and amylases, and has been used as a probiotic in animal feed.
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General Information: Acinetobacter baumannii strain ACICU (also called H34) was isolated from an outbreak in an intensive care unit in Rome, Italy. This bacterium is commonly isolated from the hospital environment and hospitalized patients. It is an aquatic organism, and is often cultured from liquid medical samples such as respiratory secretions, wounds, and urine. Acinetobacter also colonizes irrigating solutions and intravenous solutions. Although it has low virulence, it is capable of causing infection. Most isolates recovered from patients represent colonization rather than infection. When infections do occur, they usually occur in the blood, or in organs with a high fluid content, such as the lungs or urinary tract.Infections by this organism are becoming increasingly problematic due to the high number of resistance genes found in clinical isolates. Some strains are now resistant to all known antibiotics. Most of these genes appear to have been transferred horizontally from other organisms.