Query: NC_015707:1911431 Thermotoga thermarum DSM 5069 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Thermotoga thermarum; Thermotoga; Thermotogaceae; Thermotogales; Thermotogae; Bacteria General Information: Country: Djibouti; Isolation: Continental solfataric spring; Africa; Temp: Hyperthermophile; Temp: 80C. This organism, a member of the Thermotogales, has the characteristic morphology of one or more cells contained in a sheath-like envelope which extends beyond the cell wall. Preliminary sequencing of Thermotogales genomes has identified extensive horizontal gene transfer between these organisms and the Archaea. Thermotoga thermarum does not grow at high salt concentrations (>0.6% NaCL). This organism also produces heat stable enzymes such as endoxylanase, beta xylosidase and alpha arabinofuranosidase which may have commercial uses.
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General Information: Eubacterium rectale ATCC 33656 was isolated from human feces. This genus has been isolated as normal flora from feces, rumen, and periodontal tissue. Eubacterium spp. are thought to play a beneficial role in maintaining the normal ecology of the large intestine, in part by producing chemicals like butyric acid which act to inhibit the growth of other bacteria. These organisms are occasionally isolated from wounds and abscesses and may be an opportunistic pathogen. This genus has also been isolated from sewage and soil.