Query: NC_015703:4933430 Runella slithyformis DSM 19594 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Runella slithyformis; Runella; Cytophagaceae; Cytophagales; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Fresh water, Host; Isolation: Fresh water lake; USA, Louisiana, Baton; Temp: Psychrophile. This is a species of curved, nonflexible, pink bacteria. The species is of interest because it is able to grow at temperatures as low as 4°C. The species epithet is derived from slithy, a nonsense word from Lewis Carroll's Jabberwocky for a fictional organism that is 'slithy' and the Latin word 'suffix' meaning '-like, in the shape of', yielding the Neo-Latin word 'slithyformis' meaning 'slithy in form'.
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General Information: This strain (82-40) was isolated from the blood of a human patient who was having a renal transplant and is the best characterized isolate of this species.. The ratio of bloodstream infection to diarrheal illnesses for C. fetus is nearly 400-fold higher than for C. jejuni, indicating its marked propensity for invasive disease compared to C. jejuni. Causes infertility, infectious abortions in cattle, opportunistic human pathogen. This organism causes infertlity and infectious abortions in domesticated sheep, goats and cattle. It is an opportunistic pathogen in humans which can severely affect immunocompromised patients. Initially the bacterium can cause gastroenteritis, and then spread systemically throughout the blood (bacteremia) and cause septicemia, meningitis, and other systemic infections. This layer is essential for host colonization, and prevents complemented-mediated immune responses by inhibiting complement C3b binding.