Query: NC_015312:4658548 Pseudonocardia dioxanivorans CB1190 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Pseudonocardia dioxanivorans; Pseudonocardia; Pseudonocardiaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: USA; Environment: Sludge, Fresh water; Isolation: Industrial sludge contaminated; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 30C. Pseudonocardia members are abundant in diverse environments, and are known to degrade a variety of pollutants. These bacteria are also important in biocatalysis applications and in the production of antibiotics. Pseudonocardia dioxanivorans was first isolated from 1,4-dioxane containing sludge. This organism is able to grow using 1,4-dioxane, a toxic compound used as an industrial solvent, as the sole carbon source.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from a green alder (Alnus crispa) growing in Tadoussac, Canada. These bacteria were originally linked to fungi, because of the mycelium-like filaments many of them form. This bacterium is able to establish a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with alder (Alnus spp.) and myrtle (Myrica spp.), two pioneer plant genera of temperate regions, found on forest clearings, mine wastes, sand dunes and glacial moraines where nitrogen is the limiting factor. Frankia alni causes root hair deformation: it penetrates the cortical cells and induces the formation of nodules which resemble those induced by Rhizobium in legumes. These nodules are then colonized by vegetative hyphae (mycelium filaments) which differentiate into diazo-vesicles