Query: NC_014640:6745873 Achromobacter xylosoxidans A8 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Achromobacter xylosoxidans; Achromobacter; Alcaligenaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain A8 was isolated from soil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and is able to use 2-chlorobenzoate (2-CB) and 2,5-dichlorobenzoate (2,5-DCB) as sole sources of carbon and energy. Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a catalase- and oxidase-positive, motile, gram-negative rod that can cause opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients.
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General Information: This strain is non-virulent. Causes glanders in horses. This organism is rarely associated with human infection, and is more commonly seen in domesticated animals such as horses, donkeys, and mules where it causes glanders, a disease first described by Aristotle. This organism is similar to B. pseudomallei and is differentiated by being nonmotile. The pathogen is host-adapted and is not found in the environment outside of its host. Rapid-onset pneumonia, bacteremia (spread of the organism through the blood), pustules, and death are common outcomes during infection. No vaccine exists for this potentially dangerous organism.