Query: NC_014484:447889 Spirochaeta thermophila DSM 6192 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Spirochaeta thermophila; Spirochaeta; Spirochaetaceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria General Information: Strain DSM 6192 was isolated from brackish thermal Spring RI 19 on the edge of Green Lake on Raoul Island in the Kermadec archipelago about 1000 km northeast of New Zealand. Spirochaeta thermophila is a thermophilic obligately anaerobic spirochete. This organism has been isolated from brackish and marine hot springs.
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General Information: A sulfate reducing bacterium. These organisms typically grow anaerobically, although some can tolerate oxygen, and they utilize a wide variety of electron acceptors, including sulfate, sulfur, nitrate, and nitrite. A number of toxic metals are reduced, including uranium (VI), chromium (VI) and iron (III), making these organisms of interest as bioremediators. Metal corrosion, a problem that is partly the result of the collective activity of these bacteria, produces billions of dollars in losses each year to the petroleum industry. These organisms are also responsible for the production of poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas in marine sediments and in terrestrial environments such as drilling sites for petroleum products. This species is a sulfate reducer commonly found in a variety of soil and aquatic environments.