General Information: This organism was isolated from a boiling marine water hole in Maronti Beach, Ischia, Italy. It grows optimally a 100ºC and pH 7.0. Growth can occur at temperatures between 74 and 104 ºC. Nitrate-reducing hyperthermophilic archeon. This organism is a facultatively anaerobic, nitrate-reducing hyperthermophilic archaeon. It is able to grow both aerobically and anaerobically by dissimilatory nitrate reduction.