Query: NC_014148:602864 Planctomyces limnophilus DSM 3776 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Planctomyces limnophilus; Planctomyces; Planctomycetaceae; Planctomycetales; Planctomycetes; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Surface water; Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Fresh water, Marine; Isolation: surface water. Planctomyces limnophilus is a member of the order Planctomycetales, a group of budding mostly aquatic microorganisms lacking peptidoglycan and representing a phylogenetically distinct lineage within the domain Bacteria. The planctomycetes share a number of morphological features, having spherical or ovoid cells which bear crateriform structures and, in some cases, nonprosthecate appendages. The is the type strain and was isolated from the surface waters of a German lake.
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General Information: A serum-resistant streptomycin-resistant proline-requiring strain isolated from a patient with disseminated gonococcal infections. Causes gonorrhea. One of two pathogenic Neisseria, this species causes the sexually transmitted disease (STD) gonorrhea, which is the leading reportable STD in adults in the USA. This human-specific organism colonizes and invades the mucosal surface of the urogenital epithelium, crosses the epithelial barrier, and ends up multiplying on the basement membrane. The Opa proteins are responsible for the opaque colony phenotype due to the tight junctions between adjacent Neisseria, and are also responsible for tight adherence to host cells. This organism, like Neisseria meningitidis, is also naturally competent for DNA uptake.