Query: NC_013960:2440453 Nitrosococcus halophilus Nc4 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Nitrosococcus halophilus; Nitrosococcus; Chromatiaceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Marine. Nitrosococcus halophilus is an obligate chemolithotroph oxidizing ammonia to nitrite. It has been isolated from saline ponds.
- Sequence; - BLASTN hit (Low score = Light, High score = Dark) - hypothetical protein; - cds: hover for description
General Information: It is believed that the Buchnera provide the essential nutrients the host lacks. Besides a nutritional co-dependence, due to a co-existence of millions of years, Buchnera have lost the ability to produce cell surface components such as lipopolysaccharides. This makes for an obligate endosymbiont relationship between host and Buchnera. Buchnera are prokaryotic cells which belong to the gamma-Proteobacteria, closely related to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Phylogenetic studies using 16S rRNA indicate that the symbiotic relationship was established around 200-250 million years ago. Since Buchnera are closely related to Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenzae, comparative genomic studies can shed light on the evolutionary mechanisms of intracellular endosymbiosis as well as the different underlying molecular basis between organisms with parasitic behavior and symbionts.