Query: NC_013889:413909 Thioalkalivibrio sp. K90mix chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Thioalkalivibrio; Thioalkalivibrio; Ectothiorhodospiraceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Highly alkaline soda lake sediment; Temp: Mesophile. Thioalkalivibrio sp. (strain K90mix) is an extremely salt tolerant (haloalkaliphilic), chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing Gram-negative bacterium isolated from a mixture of soda lake sediments.
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General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.