Query: NC_013791:875224 Bacillus pseudofirmus OF4 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Bacillus pseudofirmus; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from soil in New York State by alkaline enrichment cultures. Because of its pH range and genetic accessibility, this alkaliphile has been extensively used as the model organism for studies of the bioenergetics of life at extremely high pH. This organism is a facultative, extreme alkaliphile that grows non-fermentatively as well as fermentatively in a pH range from near neutral to above pH 11.2.
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General Information: Heliobacterium modesticaldum strain Ice1, the type strain of this species, was isolated from Icelandic hot spring volcanic soils. It grows optimally above 50 degrees Celsius, grows best photoheterotrophically, but can grow in the dark chemotrophically on pyruvate. Phototrophic thermophile. This organism is an anoxygenic phototroph isolated from hot spring microbial mats and volcanic soil. Cell wall structure, the ability to form endospores, and 16S ribosomal RNA analysis place Heliobacterium modesticaldum in a family of phototrophic bacteria related to the Clostridia. Heliobacterium modesticaldum is able to fix nitrogen and may contribute significantly to the nitrogen availability in microbial mats.