Query: NC_013716:5201097 Citrobacter rodentium ICC168, complete genome Lineage: Citrobacter rodentium; Citrobacter; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Citrobacter rodentium is the causative agent of transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia in mice. This disease is characterized by a hyperproliferation of the epithelial cells in the colon similar to that found in humans suffering from idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease. In addition this organism contains virulence factors similar to those found in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and enteropathogenic E. coli. C. rodentium are being used as models for studying mucosal response to infection, colon tumor production, and virulence associated with pathogenic E. coli.
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General Information: Proteus mirabilis is a tetracycline resistant human urinary tract isolate. This bacterium is part of the normal gut flora of a healthy individual, but is also an opportunistic pathogen. Flagellar movement allows this organism to travel through the urinary tract into the bladder and kidney where it may cause infection or stones. Cell death is caused by hemolysin, a pore-forming toxin which disrupts osmotic balance across the host cell membrane. This species is inherently resistant to nitrofuran and tetracycline, and some strains have recently become resistant to ampicillin and trimethoprin.