Query: NC_013716:5201097 Citrobacter rodentium ICC168, complete genome Lineage: Citrobacter rodentium; Citrobacter; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Citrobacter rodentium is the causative agent of transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia in mice. This disease is characterized by a hyperproliferation of the epithelial cells in the colon similar to that found in humans suffering from idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease. In addition this organism contains virulence factors similar to those found in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and enteropathogenic E. coli. C. rodentium are being used as models for studying mucosal response to infection, colon tumor production, and virulence associated with pathogenic E. coli.
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General Information: Isolated from a patient with fever and lymphadenitis. Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disease of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase system causing defective production of toxic oxygen metabolites, impaired bacterial and fungal killing, and recurrent life-threatening infections. This species was isolated from a 39 year old man with CGD and was shown to be the causal agent of the disease by classical methods. The isolation of this organism is the first known case of a bacterium from the Acetobacteraceae family to be the cause of an invasive human disease.