Query: NC_013510:1786194 Thermomonospora curvata DSM 43183, complete genome Lineage: Thermomonospora curvata; Thermomonospora; Thermomonosporaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Municipal refuse compost samples; Temp: Thermophile; Temp: 65C. An aerobic, cellulolytic, thermophilic Gram-positive bacterium isolated from straw compost. Thermomonospora curvata is a thermophilic bacterium which produces a number of industrially important compounds like cellulase, alpha-amylase, and polygalacturonate lyase.
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General Information: This strain is a well studied producer of endoglucanase and several restriction endonucleases. Thermophilic cellulose degrading bacterium. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA. Some species are capable of producing organic solvents (acetone, ethanol, etc,), molecular hydrogen and other useful compounds. This organism is a thermophilic anaerobe that produces an extracellular enzyme system capable of degrading crystalline cellulose to soluble sugars that are further utilized as the carbon source for growth.