Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_013418:397956 Blattabacterium sp. (Periplaneta americana) str. BPLAN, complete

Lineage: Blattabacterium; Blattabacterium; Blattabacteriaceae; Flavobacteriales; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria

General Information: This organism is the endosymbiont of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana. It is a Gram-negative maternally inherited bacteria which lives in specialized cells in the host's abdominal fat body. Phylogenetic analyses for the Blattabacterium-cockroach symbiosis supports the hypothesis of co-evolution between symbionts and hosts dating back to more than 140 million years ago. Cockroaches are omnivorous insects, often subsisting on a nitrogen-poor diet, and Blattabacterium have been hypothesized to participate in uric acid degradation, nitrogen assimilation, and nutrient provisioning. Genome sequencing and metabolic reconstruction shows that Blattabacterium can recycle nitrogen from urea and ammonia, which are uric acid degradation products, into glutamate, using urease and glutamate dehydrogenase, and thus would be able to provide its host with some essential amino acids, vitamins and cofactors. The bacterium relies on asparagine and glutamine supplied by the host; it may be able to make proline from arginine via the urea cycle.

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BLASTN Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_014909:619407 Candidatus Blochmannia vafer str. BVAF chromosome, complete genome

Lineage: Blochmannia vafer; Blochmannia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Candidatus Blochmannia is an obligate bacterial associate of Camponotus and related ant genera. Blochmannia vafer was isolated from Camponotus vafer workers and larvae collected from a single colony in the Coronado National Forest near Portal, Arizona, USA. Blochmannia is located within bacteriocytes, where the bacterial cells float freely in the host cytoplasm, and within oocytes of queens.