Query: NC_012926:727716 Streptococcus suis BM407 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Streptococcus suis; Streptococcus; Streptococcaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Streptococcus suis BM407 is a human clinical isolate. This organism is a pathogen of pigs and is responsible for a variety of diseases including meningitis, arthritis and pneumonia. These infections can have substantial economic impact within the swine industry. Occasionally this organism can infect humans causing septicemia, meningitis and endocarditis. Streptococci are Gram-positive, nonmotile, nonsporeforming, catalase-negative cocci that occur in pairs or chains. Members of this genus vary widely in pathogenic potential. Most streptococci are facultative anaerobes, and some are obligate anaerobes.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from Emmental cheese. Starter culture for milk fermentation and flavor development of cheese. They are commonly found in the oral, vaginal, and intestinal regions of many animals. They are important industrial microbes that contribute to the production of cheese, yogurt, fermented milks, and other products, all stemming from the production of lactic acid, which inhibits the growth of other organisms as well as lowering the pH of the food product. Industrial production requires the use of starter cultures, which are carefully created, cultivated, and maintained, which produce specific end products during fermentation that impart flavor to the final product, as well as contributing important metabolic reactions, such as the breakdown of milk proteins during cheese production. The end product of fermentation, lactic acid, is also being used as a starter molecule for complex organic molecule syntheses. Lactobacillus casei is used as a starter culture during milk fermentation and for the flavor development of certain bacterial-ripened cheeses.