Query: NC_012846:2004711 Bartonella grahamii as4aup, complete genome Lineage: Bartonella grahamii; Bartonella; Bartonellaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Bartonella grahamii (strain as4aup) is Gram-negative bacterium isolated from a wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) in central Sweden. Bartonella are human and animal pathogens which infect erythrocytes and can cause angiogenic lesions. These organisms cause diseases in humans such as Oroya fever, Trench fever, endocarditis, and Cat Scratch disease. Transmission of this organism is via the bite of a blood-sucking arthropod. Bartonella grahamii can be isolated from the blood of rodents and is found world wide. Fleas may be the transmission vector for Bartonella grahamii to other rodents. Human disease appears to be rare and associated with an immunocompromised state.
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General Information: This strain is a standard laboratory strain. It is virulent for humans and cattle. Causes bovine brucellosis. They are highly infectious, and can be spread through contact with infected animal products or through the air, making them a potential bioterrorism agent. Once the organism has entered the body, it can become intracellular, and enter the blood and lymphatic regions, multiplying inside phagocytes before eventually causing bacteremia (spread of bacteria through the blood). Virulence may depend on a type IV secretion system which may promote intracellular growth by secreting important effector molecules. This organism was first noticed on the island of Malta. It is the primary cause of bovine brucellosis, which results in enormous (billions of dollars) economic losses due primarily to reproductive failure and food losses. In man, it causes undulant fever, a long debilitating disease that is treated by protracted administration of antibiotics.