Query: NC_012803:1839809 Micrococcus luteus NCTC 2665, complete genome Lineage: Micrococcus luteus; Micrococcus; Micrococcaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Soil. Micrococcus luteus NCTC 2665 has potential in bioremediation due to its ability to sequester metals (i.e. gold and strontium), and it is being used for gold concentration from low-abundance ores. Micrococcus luteus was originally isolated by Alexander Fleming in 1929 as Micrococcus lysodeikticus. This organism can be found in many environments including soil, water, animals, and dairy products. Micrococcus luteus is able to survive in the environment for long periods and has been isolated from inclusions in amber.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from clay soil near Hildenborough, UK in 1946. A sulfate reducing bacterium. These organisms typically grow anaerobically, although some can tolerate oxygen, and they utilize a wide variety of electron acceptors, including sulfate, sulfur, nitrate, and nitrite. A number of toxic metals are reduced, including uranium (VI), chromium (VI) and iron (III), making these organisms of interest as bioremediators. Metal corrosion, a problem that is partly the result of the collective activity of these bacteria, produces billions of dollars in losses each year to the petroleum industry. These organisms are also responsible for the production of poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas in marine sediments and in terrestrial environments such as drilling sites for petroleum products. This species is a sulfate reducer commonly found in a variety of soil and aquatic environments.