Query: NC_012779:2856051 Edwardsiella ictaluri 93-146, complete genome Lineage: Edwardsiella ictaluri; Edwardsiella; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Edwardsiella ictaluri is the causative agent of enteric septicemia in catfish (ESC), an economically significant disease of farm-raised catfish. The acute form of ESC causes bacterial septicemia (proliferation of bacteria in the blood) which rapidly leads to death. The chronic form of this disease causes a characteristic head lesion, and may also proceed to septicemia and death. Two plasmids, which are consistently present in Edwardsiella ictaluri isolates, have been sequenced. Both plasmids contain genes for the type III secretory system, which is involved in translocating pathogenicity proteins into the eukaryotic cell.
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Lineage: Sodalis glossinidius; Sodalis; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria
General Information: Sodalis glossinidius is known exclusively in endosymbiosis with tsetse flies. It is maternally transmitted, and is one of the few bacterial endosymbionts of insects that can be cultured successfully in vitro. Genome data reveals a high proportion of pseudogenes in this species, many of which were, in their functional state, involved in defense or transport of carbohydrates and inorganic ions. This suggests a degenerative adaptation to the immunity and restricted nutritional status of the host.