Query: NC_012779:2064582 Edwardsiella ictaluri 93-146, complete genome Lineage: Edwardsiella ictaluri; Edwardsiella; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Edwardsiella ictaluri is the causative agent of enteric septicemia in catfish (ESC), an economically significant disease of farm-raised catfish. The acute form of ESC causes bacterial septicemia (proliferation of bacteria in the blood) which rapidly leads to death. The chronic form of this disease causes a characteristic head lesion, and may also proceed to septicemia and death. Two plasmids, which are consistently present in Edwardsiella ictaluri isolates, have been sequenced. Both plasmids contain genes for the type III secretory system, which is involved in translocating pathogenicity proteins into the eukaryotic cell.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from Oneida lake in New York, USA. Potential bioremediation organism. This genus includes species that inhabit a wide range of environments and are capable of utilizing a wide variety of electron acceptors during anaerobic respiration including some insoluble metal oxides while using very few carbon sources such as lactate or acetate. This group of organisms have been studied extensively for their electron transport systems. This organism is a facultative anaerobe that is capable of using a wide variety of terminal electron acceptors during anaerobic respiration which may make it valuable for bioremediation. Since the bacteria can reduce chromium and uranium from the liquid phase to form insoluble compounds, they may be used to eliminate these two environmental pollutants from water.